Culture and history of Spain b
La Banda Trapera del Río (First Spanish punk group)
The Banu Hud (??? ???) were an Arab dynasty that ruled the taifa of Zaragoza from 1039-1110. In 1039, under the leadership of Al-Mustain I, Sulayman ibn Hud al-Judhami, the Bani Hud seized control of Zaragoza from a rival clan, the Banu Tujibi. His heirs, particularly Ahmad I al-Muqtadir (1046-1081), Yusuf al-Mutamin (1081-1085), and Al-Mustain II, Ahmad ibn Yusuf (1085-1110), were patrons of culture and the arts: the Aljafería, the royal residence erected by Ahmad I, is practically the only palace from that period to have survived almost in its entirety.
Despite their independence, the Banu Hud were forced to recognize the superiority of the Kingdom of Castile and pay parias to it as early as 1055. In 1086, they led the smaller kingdoms in their resistance to the Almoravids, who did not succeed in conquering Zaragoza until May 1110. The conquest represented the end of the dynasty. The last of the Banu Hud, Imad al-Dawl abd al-malik al Hud, the last king of Zaragoza, forced to abandon his capital, allied himself with the Christian Aragonese under Alfonso el Batallador, who in 1118 reconquered the city for the Christians and made it the capital of the Kingdom of Aragon. Wikipedia
Battle of Bilbao
The Battle of Bilbao was part of the War in the North, during the Spanish Civil War where the Nationalist Army captured the city of Bilbao and the remaining parts of the Basque Country still held by the Republic.
Bilbao was the capital of the autonomous Basque area established by the Republic after the war began. This establishment was in payment for Basque Nationalist support of the Republic.
The Basque people in Spain generally inhabit four provinces, Navarre, Alava, Guipuzcoa and Vizcaya. The Basque Nationalists were dominant in the latter two provinces.
Navarre and Alava had rallied to the rising against the Republic.
The Spanish Nationalists troops gained Guipuzcoa early in the war with the fall of San Sebastián, September 13, 1936.
By June 11 The Basque forces had fallen back to the city of Bilbao, which was defended by a series of rushed fortifications called the “Iron Belt.” The Iron Belt was poorly designed for defense and the designer of the Belt, engineer Alejandro Goicoechea, defected to the Nationalists and brought them the plans of the defenses, so that they could strike at the weakest point . The ring was breeched by an infantry assault supported by heavy artillery bombardment. On the night of June 13 the defenders evacuated most of the civilian population from the city. On June 18 General Ulibarri withdrew his remaining troops from Bilbao and the Nationalists occupied the city on the following day. The city’s bridges had been destroyed to hinder the attackers but the city remained mostly intact. Wikipedia
See also the Battle of Irún
The traditional peasant hut of Valencia and Murcia, built from adobe with a steep pitched reed-thatched roof. Also found in the Delta de Ebro in Catalonia
The traditional Catalan hat, worn across rural Catalonia until the end of the 19th century. The cagoner-the Catalan shitter- sports a barratina, and Salvador Dalí was prone to wearing one.
List of Basque proverbs
Mis palabras vascas favoritas Excellent blog article. According to the RAE 95 words in the current Spanish dictionary come from Basque including, remarkably, izquierda (ezkerra) - left.
Basque Nationalist Party (PNV)
Basque rural sports
Batallón Vasco Español
Battle of Covadonga
Black Legend (La Leyenda Negra)
Bloc Nacionalista Galego
(BNG- Galician Nationalist Block) Galician nationalist party currently led by xxxxxxx.
Boletín Oficial del Estado (BOE)
The official gazette of the Government of Spain in which are published the laws passed by the Cortes Generales (the nation’s legislature, comprising the Senate and the Congress of Deputies) and the dispositions of the Autonomous Communities.
Bonfires of Saint John botellónBourbon Reforms
House of Bourbon
Bulls of Guisando
The group of the top Francoists who attempted to oppose reform before the Transition. The name was popularised by the then-Communist leader, Santiago Carrillo, in evident reference to the bunker of Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun.
El butanero, the gas bottle man, is an essential figure in saucy Spanish folklore, routhly equivilent to the British milkman. Though in frank decline, as the bright orange butane gas bottles are being replaced by piped natural gas, the cry of Butano!from people “asking” for gas is still a common sound. In Barcelona, at least, all butaneros are now Pakistanis.
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