Culture and history of Spain c


cabana de teito

A cabana de teito is a traditional mountain hut with stone walls and thatched roof : (Gal. Ast.)

Cambio 16

camisas viejas

The camisas viejas (old shirts – shirt, in reference to the blue shirt uniform of the Falange) were members of the primitive Falange JONS of José Antonio Primo de Rivera before the rebellion of 18 July 1936 or, even more puritanically, before the elections of February of the same year, when they were a tiny group which little support among the Spanish right. Contrast to the camisas nuevas (new shirts) who began to join the party en masse after the start of the Civil War, and were suspected by the former of doing so for advancing their own personal interests.

Cantar del Mio Cid

Cañadas Reales

Captain General

Carabanchel Prison

Prison in Madrid used by the Franco regime to imprison its opponents. Built by Republican prisoners it was open between 1940 and 1999. A number of common and political prsioners were executed here by garrote vil.

Regreso al purgatorio, report on the Carabanchel by ex-prisoners (El País, 15/10/2006)

Carlist Wars




Casa de Contratación


Castilian language

Castilian War of the Communities


Catalan-Aragonese Oath of Allegiance

Catalan language

Catalan vault

Catalan negationism

Catalan myths and legends

Catalunya Nord

Catholic Monarchs



Censorship under Franco

The censor reached heights of absurdity by even censoring parts of Franco’s own speeches and banning one of his books published in the 1920s, Diario de una Bandera, on his exploits during the Moroccan War. The general gleefully relates how a companion-in-arms shot a defenceless Moroccan soldier who had just surrendered, and then mutilated his body. (Adapted from La Memoria Insumisa, Nicolás Sartorius and Javier Alfaya, 2001)

Spain (Un)Censored: Spanish movie posters from the 50s, 60s and 70s
“This selection of Spanish film posters from the 1950s, ’60s and ’70s. Each poster is accompanied by a commentary that attempts to contextualize it within its era, in relation to the film it was intended to serve, and in relation to censorship, against which all of these productions had to struggle.”

Bienvenido, Mister Marshall! (Welcome Mister Marshall!). 1955.

” a satire of the Franco regime’s foreign policy. The government had just signed an agreement with the United States and was presenting the measure as a promise of prosperity…Berlanga transformed what began as a hymn to Spanish hospitality into a sinister farce about meek villagers and their incompetent leaders. The deference of the Castilian village’s mayor toward the expected foreign visitors even reaches the point of dressing all the men in traditional Andalusian costume and the women as flamenco dancers. The visitors from the United States never arrive, and at the end, after all their efforts, the villagers end up paying for the failed welcome of the U.S. group out of their own pockets”


A colloquial word adopted from Galician to denote the globs of solid fuel washed up on Galicia ‘s beaches as a result of the Prestige oil spill. Any similar glutinous spills from now on.

Charles Darwin in Tenerife


An offensive term for an immigrant in Catalonia from the rest of Spain, though today it is used much less, and is sometimes employed by the descendants of Andalucian immigrants to ironically term themselves.


Cheli culture has sometimes been compared to the cockney culture of London’s East End, and like cockney; the word can refer either to the people or their dialect. However, the link is spurious. Cheli developed in the late 1970s amoung Madrid’s disaffected working class youth, particularly in traditional districts of Madrid, such as Lavapies and Atocha in the southern part of the old city. Thus, it is a modern youth street dialect and is linked with pasotismo the Movida Madrileña of the early 1980s. Names such as macho, tronco, tío and chaval are constantly used in conversations. When written, for example in graffiti, Cheli makes use of the letter k rather than q.

Peculiaridades del dialecto madrileño

Chunta Aragonesista – Aragonese Council


Ciutadans – Partit de la Ciutadania (C’s)


coal mining


Codex Vigilanus

Comisiones Obreras (CCOO)

Communist Party of Spain (PCE)

concentration camps

Condor Legion

Confederación General del Trabajo (CGT)

Confederación Nacional del Trabajo (CNT)

Congreso de los Diputados – Congress of Deputies

Consejo de Indias

Consejo General del Poder Jucidial – Judicial System General Council

Contra Franco vivíamos mejor (We lived better against Franco)


The conversos (Spanish for converts) were the Jews or Muslims and their descendants who converted to Catholicism during the Middle Ages, usually to escape persecution. The main driving force behind the Inquisition introduced into Spain in 1481 was the search for false conversos who were accused of secretly practising Judaism.

External links

Truppe Volontarie (CTV)


Corte Suprema

Cortes Generales

Councils of Toledo

Crown of Aragon


A cruceiro is a roadside cross found throughout Galicia. Traditionally seen as a gateway to the much populated Galician underworld Cruceiros



Spanish history dictionary, dictionary of Spanish history, glossary of Spanish culture, Spanish art glossary, Spanish history glossary, dictionary of Spain, A-Z guide to Spain, facts about Spanish history, Spanish history trivia, historical glossary of Spain, facts and figures, interesting facts, politics,

Information about Barcelona

See also

Organised trips and tours

Accommodation in Barcelona Province