Franquismo sociológico – Neo-Francoism
A dictionary of Spanish history and culture
Although almost all of the outside trappings of the Franco regime were erased by the Transition, many of the values championed by Francoism have pervaded to this day (church, authoritarianism in compànies, etc) along with a defence of the regime by revisionist historians and by conservative society. This phenomena was termed during the transition franquismo sociológico – Neo-Francoism, if you were. It refuses to die, as the lurch to the right of the Partido Popular in the first decade of 2000, its spiritual home, testifies. Indeed, it appears to be growing in confidence, no doubt enlivened by the rise of the neo-cons across the world and by its mouthpieces in Spain, (Libertad Digital, El Cope, FAES, etc) and certainly enraged by losing the 2004 election.
Paul Preston, one of my favourite Spanish historians takes a different view here claming the legacy of the dictator’s rule has come to nothing as Spain embraces democracy.
“So what remains of Franco’s legacy? A few nostalgic Francoists aside, the collective feeling is a combination of ignorance, indifference and a determination that a dictatorship would never again be suffered. In short, the so-called Pacto del Olvido, a deliberate mass rejection of revenge, underpinned the relatively bloodless transition to democracy.(Olive Press)
But one thing is wanting Franco back, as the tiny extreme right Falagists surely would, and quite another is not rejecting some of the values that sustained Francoism. These seem to be alive and kicking.