Archaeological sites in Spain;

February 7th, 2010


Ullastret is the name of both a charming village and of the fascinating archeological site about 2km away for which it is famous. The latter, set on a lush hillside, was inhabited continually from 7BC until its mysterious abandonment in the late 17th century. It has been carefully excavated to reveal Cyclopean (pre-Iberian) foundations and the remains of houses, water reservoirs and canalisation, and the main square resembles those of certain Greek settlements. There is a small but excellent archaeological museum in the 14th century Sant Andreu chapel. Here you can really see the impact of the Greeks on Iberian culture.

Ullastret village is a medieval precinct surrounded by three distinct lines of defensive walls. There’s a nice café with terrace in the main plaça. Look across the square for the dungeon in the NW corner tower. Continue reading

La Cueva de los Murciélagos – The Bat Cave

La Cueva de los Murciélagos – The Bat Cave is a system of caves in Zuheros, Córdoba, and one of the largest in Andalucia. It is situated on the edges of the limestone Sierras Subbéticas Natural Park. The cave is famous for its rock paintings and archaeological remains dating from Neolithic times, and features beautiful stalactite and stalagmite formations.

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Las Médulas

Panoramic view of Las Médulas

Las Médulas in the region of El Bierzo were once the site of the most important gold mine in the Roman Empire.  The spectacular landscape of Las Médulas resulted from the Ruina Montium, a Roman mining technique described by Pliny the Elder in 77 AD which consisted of undermining the mountain with large quantities of water supplied by at least seven long aqueducts tapping the rivers in the nearby mountains. Today the collapsed mining shafts form an eerie terrain of jagged peaks, gorges and ravines, composing one of the most beautiful post-industrial landscapes in the world. Continue reading

Bronze Age site of La Encantada

Cerro de la Encantada (Granátula de Calatrava)

La Encantada also known as Los Castillejos is a Bronze Age site of near Granátula de Calatrava, dating from between 1950 and 1300 BC. The site comprises a hill fort with remains of graves.

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