Extinct animals of the USA

Extinct mammals and birds of the USA since the last ice age.

Prehistoric animal extinctions (begin Holocene to 1500 AD)

  • American cheetah Miracinonyx inexpectatus USA, 11000 BC.
  • American Horses, Equus spp. USA, 10000 BC.
  • American Lion Panthera leo atrox, Western USA and Canada 8000 BC.
  • American mastodon Mammut americanum, USA and Canada, 4080 BC
  • Ancient Bison Bison antiquus, USA, 8000 BC.
  • Beringian cave lion Panthera leo vereshchagini, Northern USA and Canada, 11000 BC.
  • California tapir Tapirus californicus, USA, 11000 BC.
  • Cuban ground sloth, Cuba, 5000 BC.
  • Columbian Mammoth Mammuthus columbi, USA and Mexico, 5800 BC.
  • Dire Wolf Canis dirus, USA, 8000 BC.
  • Florida giant beaver Castoroides leiseyorum, Florida, USA, 11000 BC.
  • Florida Short-faced Bear Tremarctos floridanus, USA, 8000 BC.
  • Giant Beaver Castoroides ohioensis, Great Lakes region, 11000 BC.
  • Giant hutia Elasmodontomys obliquus, Puerto Rico, 1000 BC.
  • Giant polar bear Ursus maritimus tyrannus, Arctic region.
  • Giant Short-faced Bear Arctodus simus, USA, 8000 BC.
  • Glyptotherium, USA, 8000 BC.
  • Hagerman horse Equus simplicidens, USA, 10000 BC.
  • Harlan’s ground sloth Paramylodon harlani, USA and Mexico, 11000 BC.
  • Harlan’s muskox or Woodland Muskox Bootherium bombifrons, USA, 9000 BC.
  • Harrington’s mountain goat Oreamnos harringtoni, USA, 12000 10000 BC.
  • Imperial mammoth Mammuthus imperator, USA, 11000 BC.
  • Jefferson’s ground sloth Megalonyx jeffersonii, USA and Canada, 10000-9000BC.
  • LeConte’s peccary Platygonus, ssp. USA, Canada and Mexico, 11000 BC.
  • Mountain Deer Navahoceros fricki USA, 10000 BC.
  • North American capybara Neochoerus pinckneyi, USA and Mexico, 11000 BC.
  • Pygmy Mammoth Mammuthus exilis, Channel Islands of California, USA, 10800-11300 BC.
  • Saber-tooth cat Smilodon fatalis and Smilodon populator, USA and South America, 8000 BC.
  • Saiga Antelope Saiga tatarica, USA and Canada, 11000 BC.
  • Shasta ground sloth Nothrotheriops, spp. USA, 11000 BC.
  • Shrub-ox Euceratherium collinum 9500 BC
  • Stag-moose Cervalces scotti, USA and Canada, 12000 BC.
  • Stilt-legged Llama Hemiauchenia macrocephala, USA and Mexico, 11000 BC.
  • Tar-pit pronghorn Capromeryx minor, USA and Mexico, 11000 BC.
  • Western Camel Camelops hesternus, USA, 8000 BC.
  • Woolly Mammoth Mammuthus primigenius, Northern USA, 2000 BC.
  • Yukon Wild Horse Equus lambei, Alaska, 11000 BC.

Recent extinctions (1500 AD to present)

  • Antillean Cave Rat
  • Insular Cave Rat
  • Corozal Rat
  • Puerto Rican Shrew Nesophontes edithae
  • Puerto Rican Long-nosed Bat
  • Puerto Rican Long-tongued Bat
  • Lesser Puerto Rican Ground Sloth
  • Sherman’s Pocket Gopher
  • Goff’s Pocket Gopher Geomys pinetis goffi
  • Tacoma Pocket Gopher Thomomys mazama tacomensis
  • Chadwick Beach Cotton Mouse
  • Giant Deer Mouse
  • Pallid Beach Mouse Peromyscus polionotus decoloratus
  • Gull Island Vole Microtus pennsylvanicus nesophilus
  • Louisiana Vole
  • Puerto Rican Hutia
  • Puerto Rican Paca
  • Lesser Puerto Rican Agouti
  • Greater Puerto Rican Agouti
  • Sea Mink Mustela macrodon
  • Caribbean Monk Seal
  • Steller’s Sea Cow
  • Badlands Bighorn Sheep
  • Columbia Basin Pygmy Rabbit
  • Arizona Wapiti
  • Eastern Woodland Bison
  • Colorado Hog-nosed Skunk
  • Smith Island Cottontail
  • Allen’s Thirteen-lined Ground Squirrel
  • Banks Island Wolf Canis lupus bernardi, 1920
  • Cascade Mountains Wolf Canis lupus fuscus, 1940
  • Antillean Giant Rice Rat
  • Eastern Elk
  • Merriam’s Elk
  • Arizona Jaguar Panthera onca arizonensis
  • Tule Shrew Sorex ornatus juncensis

Source: Wikipedia

Recent Extinctions in Canada and United States

Table of plants and animals that endangered species experts have confirmed or believe to be recently extinct. The list covers extinctions since 1960 of species, subspecies and populations in Canada and the continental United States. The most recent is the Columbia Basin Pygmy Rabbit which disappeared in 2007.

Extinct animals of different states

USFWS: Extinct Species

Plants and animals that were once part of the region (Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, Wisconsin), but are now extinct.

MAMMALS

Eastern Elk (Cervus canadensis canadensis)
Formerly found in: United States east of Great Plains
Extinct in 1880



BIRDS

Carolina parakeet (Conuropsis carolinensis carolinensis)
Formerly found in: Southeastern United States
Extinct about 1920

Heath Hen (Tympanuchus cupido cupido)
Formerly found in: Eastern United States
Extinct in 1932

Passenger Pigeon (Ectopistes migratorius)
Formerly found in: Central and eastern North America
Extinct in 1914

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