Snakes of Croatia
There are 16 species of snakes in Croatia, but only three of them are poisonous: Vipera ammodytes, Vipera berus and Vipera ursinii macrops.Full list here
Croatian snakes Excellent page.
Data on all the species and subspecies that live or are presumebly living in Croatia, (un)official data about them and personal experiences. All Croatian snakes are protected by law and it is not permited to disturb or remove them from their habitats, as well as other reptiles and amphibian.
This retrospective study is based on the analysis of 542 snakebite envenomation cases in southern Croatia, which were treated in the University Hospital Split over the period of 21 years. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of venomous snakebite in southern Croatia, epidemiological and clinical features of snakebite and treatment in the region. The mean annual snakebite incidence in southern Croatia was 5.2 per 100,000 inhabitants. The nose- horned viper (Vipera ammodytes) was responsible for most bites, only a small proportion being inflicted by the adder (Vipera berus). People of all ages were affected (1 – 82 year old), but the bites were more frequent in individuals older than 50 (46% of the cases) and in children and adolescents 19 year old and younger (27% of the cases). Most snakebite accidents happened in warm spring and summer months, the highest number occurring in May (22%). A majority of the victims were rural people engaged in agricultural activities. Bites on the upper limbs were more frequent (57%) than bites on the lower limbs (42%). With regard to envenomation severity, there were 15.1% minor, 40.5% mild, 26% moderate and 18% severe cases. Two victims died (0.4%).
Paklenica is one of the oldest and most famous national parks in Croatia. It is situated on the coast, just north of Zadar, and consists of a deep gorge in the Velebit mountains. The mountains raises steep from the coast to over 1700 meters and the sides of the gorge has vertical cliffs of more than 400 meters. This is a very popular site for rock climbing. We started out in the wonderful morning at 8 a’clock when the gates opened and started to walk up the canyon. Along the creeks were dense deciduous forests but on the more exposed sides of the valley were Mediterranean vegetation with bushes and some low trees. We climbed the north side up to a cave, at 560 meter above sea level, witch was open this day. On the well used path we took it easy and had good observations of several Dalmatian Wall Lizards (Podarcis melisellensis), Green lizards (Lacerta viridis), Balkan Green Lizards (Lacerta trilineata), Dalmatian Algyroides (Algyroides nigropunctatus), Common Wall Lizard (Podarcis muralis) and the most exiting: Dahl’s Whip Snake (Platyceps najadum) and Balkan Whip Snake (Hierophis gemonensis) just beside the path. The cave was also a nice visit with halls up to 20 meters high and 40 meters deep crowded with stalactites and stalagmites.
Italian wall lizards introduced to a tiny island off the coast of Croatia are evolving in ways that would normally take millions of years to play out, new research shows.