Birds of Egypt

The birdlist for Egypt is some 487 species, of which thirteen are classified as globally threatened species. These include about 150 resident breeding bird, but the country is along a migration corridor attracting around 280 additional species of birds.

List of birds of Egypt – Wikipedia

Birding in Egypt

Egypt occupies a unique geographical location as a bridge between the continents of Europe, Asia and Africa and therefore millions of birds pass through the country on their way from Scandinavia, Eastern Europe, the Balkens, Siberia and Central Asia to eastern and southern Africa each autumn, and on their way back each spring. Migration begins in the Winter months, when from about mid February, the first wave of storks and raptors can be seen. Summer migration begins in early August when water bird migration begins at Zaranik in North Sinai and White Stork migration begins in the southern Gulf of Suez.

Migratory birds in Egypt – taken from long article by birdlife on practice of hunting birds in Egypt

Because of Egypt’s strategic location at the intersection of Africa and Eurasia is positioned on internationally important migration routes for birds traveling between breeding grounds in Eurasia and winter quarters in Africa. There are quite a few bottlenecks where large numbers of migrants congregate. Many migrants over winter in Egypt; Egyptian wetlands have global significance for wintering waterbirds. There are also internationally important habitats for migratory breeding birds, most notably the Red Sea Islands.. Migratory birds occur throughout the country, with significant concentrations at different seasons in South Sinai, Red Sea, the Nile Valley and the Mediterranean coast. These includes large proportions of the world population of some species as well as a number listed as globally threatened.

Books about Egypt’s birdlife

Common Birds of Egypt

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Although not detailed enough for the serious twitcher this is an excellent book for the interested birder. It offers a good insight into the birds of the Nile Valley and the Red Sea Coasts. Although the format is a lttle strange (English at the front and Arabic at the back) this is an excellent little guide: Includes a short section on where to see birds in Egypt, good quality coloured illustrations and a brief description of each bird’s habitat this is all that one needs to identify most birds you would expect to see during a holiday in Egypt.