Protected areas in Finland

Nature protection in Finland

Nature reserves, wilderness areas and hiking areas established on state-owned lands are the central parts of the protected area system in Finland. Almost all of these are included in the European Union’s network of Natura 2000 areas. Privately-owned protected lands further expand on the state-owned network of protected areas. The protected areas located in Finland are an important part of the international network of conservation areas.

  • Nature reserves are established on state-owned lands by law or by a government regulation or on privately-owned lands by the decision of Finland’s environmental administration.
  • Wilderness areas are established in accordance to the Wilderness Act on state lands in Lapland.
  • National hiking areas are established in accordance to the “Outdoor Recreation Act” (ulkoilulaki) on state land in different parts of Finland

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