Reptiles of Finland

There are eleven species of amphibians and reptiles in Finland. The common viper (adder) is the only poisonous snake. The last time a common viper caused a death in Finland was in 1984.

List of reptiles of Finland – Wikipedia

reptiles of Finland.


The Slow Worms (Anguis fragilis) and Viviparous Lizards (Lacerta vivipara) spread to Finland from southeastern direction and from south through Sweden. The two populations met in Northern Sweden between the parallel latitudes 62o and 64o. Because the different populations had been isolated during the ice age, their genetics were different. Even today the Slow Worms can be diveded into two populations by inspecting their spots, the structure of their ear openings and the scales of their heads. The snakes probably came through the same route, but they – especially the Grass Snake (Natrix natrix) could also have swum or floated over the Gulf of Finland or through Ahvenanmaa, the big island between Finland and Sweden near the Finnish coast in the south. The Smooth Snake (Coronella austriaca) could have came to Ahvenanmaa this way or either with the ships.

The Herpetological Society of Finland The society was founded in 1992. It is dedicated to promote the research, protection, keeping and breeding of reptiles and amphibian

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