Extinct animals of Morocco

Roman mosiac of an Atlas bear

Cheetahs in Morocco

In Morocco, cheetahs were still common in the Moyen Draa during the 1950s and then became rare by 1960-1970 in this area and also in the northern Western Sahara (Cuzin, 2003). Last records include one individual killed by militaries in Maader Sellam (south Foum El Hassan) in 1992; two individuals seen in Mseyed and one killed in Lebouiret in 1993; one individual observed in southwestern Guelmim (Bas Draa-Noun) in 1993; and tracks in southwestern Aouinet Torkoz in 1994 (Cuzin, 1996, 2003). Although Cuzin (2003) suggested fewer than 20 individuals could survive, he now considers that they are likely extinct (F. Cuzin pers. comm. 2003).

Recently Extinct Animals – Species Info – Bubal Hartebeest

Hartebeest were formerly common in Morocco, but numbers were severely reduced by hunting during the 19th century. Since then “the Bubal has retired far beyond the Atlas into the recesses of the desert, and has become a difficult animal to meet with” (Sclater and Thomas 1894). The last known specimens in Morocco were shot in 1925 in the upper Moulouya Valley, Eastern Morocco (Loggers et al. 1992), but few authorities credited the claim (Day 1981).

The captive female which died in Jardin des Plantes in Paris, France,  on 9 November 1923 is usually held to have been the last of its kind.

Barbary lion – Wikipedia

The Barbary lion formerly ranged in North Africa from Morocco to Egypt. The last known Barbary lion in the wild was shot in the Atlas Mountains in 1922. The Barbary lion was believed to be extinct in captivity as well. However, possible Barbary lion individuals or descendants have been located in zoos and circus populations within the last three decades. Some of these lions are bigger than tigers.

Atlas Bear – Wikipedia

The Atlas bear was Africa’s only native bear. Once inhabiting the Atlas Mountains and neighboring areas, from Morocco to Libya, the animal is now thought to be extinct. Thousands of these bears were hunted for sport, venatio games, or execution of criminals ad bestias following the expansion of the Roman Empire into North Africa.The last known specimen was probably killed by hunters in the 1870s in the Rif mountains of northern Morocco, although reports still surface.The possibility has been raised that the species might still be alive in eastern Africa, and is the source of the cryptid known as the nandi bear, but this theory has essentially been ruled out by biogeography.  Nonetheless, as the known distribution of the Atlas Bear is a relict of the desertification of the Sahara, its ancestor may have been widespread in northern and eastern Africa in prehistoric times.

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