Wildlife of Mozambique
Mozambique has a great variety of ecosystems, from mangrove forests and wetlands to mountain habitats in the Gorongosa Massif and the Chimanimani Mountains.
It has four national parks; Gorongosa, Zinave, and Banhine on the mainland, and Bazaruto off-shore.
In addition to the national parks there are five wildlife reserves; Niassa, Marromeu, Pomeme, Maputo and Gilé. Only two of these reserves (Niassa Reserve and Maputo Elephant Reserve) are open to tourists.
Mozambique hosts a huge variety of plant species, with over 5,600 species recorded in the country. Approximately 250 of these species are endemic.
Wildlife returns to Mozambique’s Gorongosa National Park (The Guardian)
Devastated by two decades of war, a new conservation project is restoring Gorongosa to its former glory. And as the animals start to return, so too are the tourists…
We were in Mozambique’s Gorongosa National Park, a sprawling, 1,500-square-mile wildlife reserve that, for the better part of the past 20 years, had been all but abandoned by tourists. In the 1960s and 70s, Gorongosa was one of the continent’s most famous game parks, attracting a who’s who of international icons.
Rampant rhino poaching is casting a dark shadow over the pride of southern Africa’s ambitious transfrontier-park program. Rhino killers are ruthlessly exploiting the open international boundary running through what is known as the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park to carry out their dirty work.
Poachers typically down a rhino in South Africa’s flagship Kruger National Park and then hotfoot it back into Mozambique’s adjacent Limpopo National Park. The horn, sawed or hacked from the quarry, eventually passes through conduits to syndicates back in South Africa and on to markets in Asia.
The rehabilitation of Gorongosa National Park in Central Mozambique represents one of the great conservation opportunities in the world today. Gorongosa is a region of high species diversity and ecological features found nowhere else. The key to continued species diversity on the planet is to protect critical areas.
The 4,000 square kilometer Park is located at the southern end of the Great East African Rift Valley. The Park includes the valley floor and parts of surrounding plateaus. Rivers originating on nearby 1862-meter Mount Gorongosa water the plain.
Wildlife and nature guides to the world