Tigers in Russia

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Siberian Tiger Project

About 350 adult Siberian or Amur tigers are left in the wild, with 95% of them in the Russian Far East. Within the tiger’s range in Russia, the largest protected area is the Sikhote-Alin Biosphere Reserve, a 400,000 ha (4000 km2) reserve that has been a stronghold for the Amur tiger since its creation in 1935, and which harbors over 30 tigers today.

Managing tiger-human conflicts

Wherever people and large carnivores coexist, conflicts between the two are usually inevitable. Traditionally, tiger-human conflicts in Russia were resolved by simply killing the tiger, and cumulatively such deaths represented a significant mortality factor.

Human-tiger conflicts generally fall into two categories: attacks on people and predation on domestic animals. Tigers that attack people are considered problem tigers unless they are defending cubs or themselves. In most instances, tigers that have attacked people in Russia have been previously wounded in botched poaching attempts and either attack the poacher or some unlucky person who just happens to bump into the wounded cat. Tigers that prey on domestic animals are considered a problem if they do so very close to human habitations. That is, a tiger that kills a cow that wanders a kilometer into the woods unattended is not considered a problem, but one that kills cows in barnyards requires management.

Russia protects tree species critical to tiger habitat

The Russian government has introduced measures to protect the Korean pine, a key species found in Amur tiger (Siberian tiger) habitat in the Russian Far East, WWF and TRAFFIC said today.

“Rising global demand for Korean pine has led to a massive increase in logging, much of it carried out illegally, in Russia’s remaining temperate forests,”

Around 400 Amur tigers survive in the native Korean pine forests of the Russian Far East and north-east China, where the pine nuts are an essential food source for tiger prey species.”

“The fate of the Amur Tiger is inextricably linked to the safeguard of the Korean Pine,” said Pauline Verheij, joint TRAFFIC and WWF Tiger Trade Programme Manager.

Siberian tiger – Wikipedia

The Siberian tiger (Panthera tigris altaica), also known as the Amur, Manchurian, Altaic, Korean, North China or Ussuri tiger, is a subspecies of tiger which once ranged throughout Western Asia, Central Asia and eastern Russia, though it is now completely confined to the Amur-Ussuri region of Primorsky Krai and Khabarovsk Krai in far eastern Siberia, where it is now protected. It is the biggest of the eight recent tiger subspecies and the largest living felid, attaining 320 kg (710 lb) in exceptional specimens. Genetic research in 2009 revealed that the current Siberian tiger population is almost identical to the Caspian tiger, a now extinct western population once thought to have been a distinct subspecies

Amur tigers on ‘genetic brink’ 2009; Editor, Earth News

The world’s largest cat, the Amur tiger, is down to an effective wild population of fewer than 35 individuals, new research has found.

Although up to 500 of the big cats actually survive in the wild, the effective population is a measure of their genetic diversity.

That in turn is a good predictor of the Amur tiger’s chances of survival.

AMUR — Amur (Siberian) Tigers

The habitat of the Amur tiger (and leopard) is a unique forested area in the Russian Far East states of Primorski and Khabarovski Krais. In the summer the forests are dense with varied vegetation which is both deciduous and coniferous but in the winter these forests are cold and snow bound.  Much of the terrain is mountainous and rugged but is now crossed by roads, human settlements and more recently logging roads.  Each adult tiger needs a huge area of land for its territory — up to 40km by 40km for an adult male whilst the female home range is usually smaller.  Amur tigers need much larger areas of habitat to survive due to the relative lack of prey so that any particular area of habitat will have a less dense population than a similar size of habitat in one of the tiger ranges such as India or Thailand.  For this reason a very large area of healthy habitat is needed to sustain a population of Amur tigers that is viable for the future.  Therefore conservation groups are working hard to create protected areas in the Russian Far East and to find ways that humans and tigers can live side by side.

Tracking tigers in Russia (WWF) The Russian Far East is the home of the Amur tiger (also known as the Siberian tiger), one of the five types of tiger that still survive on planet

Tiger Tagged by Russia’s Putin Disappear

WWF – Tracking the elusive Amur tiger by foot, ski, and snowmobile

Researchers in the Russian Far East are tracking the elusive Amur tiger by foot, ski, and snowmobile this month to better understand the endangered species.

WWF-Russia, the Wildlife Conservation Society and the Far Eastern branch of the Russian Academy of Science are monitoring the rare Amur tiger in its habitats in Russia, in the remote Primorskii and Khabarovskii Provinces.

The Amur tiger, which can weigh up to 300 kg and measure around three metres from its nose to the tip of its tail, has come back from the brink of extinction to its highest population for at least 100 years. Only about 40 were alive in 1950 but nowadays there are around 450, one of the strongest tiger populations in the world.