Wildlife of Senegal
Guinea baboon (Papio hamadryas papio), Senegal. (Photograph by Pascal Dubois)
List of mammals in Senegal (Wikipedia)
SCF is helping implement Senegal’s strategy to conserve and restore its Sahelo-Saharan wildlife.
Two protected areas are currently the focus of Senegal’s strategy: the Réserve Spéciale de Faune de Guembeul (720 ha), which was established in 1983 in coastal Acacia woodland some 15 km south of St Louis, and the Réserve de Faune du Ferlo Nord (287,000 ha), established in 1972 in south Sahelian wooded grassland in the centre of the country.
Since 2002, the original Katané enclosure (440 ha) has received oryx and dama gazelle from Guembeul. And in early 2009, dorcas gazelles from Guembeul were also released into the pen. In May, 2009, SCF helped increase the area of land under protection to over 600 ha by installing a new adjoining fence 4 km in length. Materials were generously provided by the Exotic Wildlife Association. The new enclosure will have an immediate impact on habitat regeneration and increase capacity to hold and mange the captive wildlife more efficiently. Next steps are under consideration and could include the import of new dama gazelle and oryx stock from the United States to bolster the genetic pool.
A WWF survey team has found several marine turtle nesting sites on the beaches of Senegal, prompting calls from conservationists to improve protection of the endangered species in the area.
Ecoregions of Senegal:
There are about 80 species of mammal, 330 species of bird, 36 reptiles, 20 amphibians, and 60 species of fish recorded, as well as numerous invertebrates. Carnivores include leopard Panthera pardus, lion P. leo, and wild dog Lycaon pictus (V). There are also buffalo Syncerus caffer, roan Hippotragus equinus, giant eland Taurotragus derbianus (about 1,000), Guinea baboon Papio papio, green monkey Cercopithecus aethiops sabaeus, patas monkey Erythrocebus patas, bay colobus Colobus badius temmincki, all three African crocodiles: Nile Crocodylus niloticus, slender-snouted C. cataphractus (V) and dwarf Osteolaemus tetraspis, four tortoise species, and hippopotamus Hippopotamus amphibius, which is present in all three large watercourses in the park. The park is the last refuge in Senegal for giraffe Giraffa camelopardalis and elephant Loxodonta africana (V). About 150 chimpanzee Pan troglodytes (V) live in the gallery forest of the park and on Mont Assirik (the north-western limit of their distribution).
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