Malaria in Tanzania


Malaria in Tanzania

By far the most dangerous animal in Tanzania is the mosquito, which causes 100,000 to 125,000 deaths per year through the transmission of malaria, according to the Malaria Journal. Although not all mosquitoes carry malaria and other parasites, because of their vast numbers the likelihood of encountering one that carries disease is increased. Despite aggressive attempts to eradicate or diminish their numbers, mosquitoes remain numerous and are considered by epidemiologists to be the most dangerous animal in Africa.

MD Travel Health – Tanzania

Malaria in Tanzania: prophylaxis is recommended for all areas, except for altitudes over 1800 m (5906 ft). The risk is lower in Dar es Salaam than in rural areas. Either mefloquine (Lariam), atovaquone/proguanil (Malarone)(PDF), or doxycycline may be given. Mefloquine is taken once weekly in a dosage of 250 mg, starting one-to-two weeks before arrival and continuing through the trip and for four weeks after departure. Mefloquine may cause mild neuropsychiatric symptoms, including nausea, vomiting, dizziness, insomnia, and nightmares. Rarely, severe reactions occur, including depression, anxiety, psychosis, hallucinations, and seizures. Mefloquine should not be given to anyone with a history of seizures, psychiatric illness, cardiac conduction disorders, or allergy to quinine or quinidine. Those taking mefloquine (Lariam) should read the Lariam Medication Guide (PDF). Atovaquone/proguanil (Malarone) is a recently approved combination pill taken once daily with food starting two days before arrival and continuing through the trip and for seven days after departure. Side-effects, which are typically mild, may include abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, headache, diarrhea, or dizziness. Serious adverse reactions are rare. Doxycycline is effective, but may cause an exaggerated sunburn reaction, which limits its usefulness in the tropics.

Malaria No More :: Tanzania Cries Zinduka!

This year, Tanzania will become one of the first African countries to achieve universal access to mosquito nets and affordable treatment for all of its citizens. In support of this landmark effort, Malaria No More is assisting the country in its unprecedented and ambitious attack on malaria by launching the Zinduka! Malaria Haikubaliki (meaning “Wake Up! Malaria is unacceptable” in Kiswahili) Campaign — a bold, on-the-ground initiative that harnesses the energies of the entertainment, government, business and health sectors to fight malaria.

The Zinduk!a Campaign is led by the Tanzanian Government and supported by partners, including Johns Hopkins University, Population Services International and United Against Malaria. The goal of the program is to achieve universal bed net coverage and eliminate malaria deaths by urging all Tanzanians to Zinduka! (“Wake up!”) to the threat of malaria and protect themselves against the disease.