Wildlife of Dubai

Arabian Oryx (Wikipedia)


The sandy desert surrounding the city supports wild grasses and occasional date palms. Desert hyacinths grow in the sabkha plains east of the city, while acacia and ghaf trees grow in the flat plains within the proximity of the Western Al Hajar mountains. Several indigenous trees such as the date palm and neem as well as imported trees like the eucalypts grow in Dubai’s natural parks. The houbara bustard, striped hyena, caracal, desert fox, falcon and Arabian oryx are common in Dubai’s desert. Dubai is on the migration path between Europe, Asia and Africa, and more than 320 migratory bird species pass through the emirate in spring and autumn. The waters of Dubai are home to more than 300 species of fish, including the hammour. The typical marine life off the Dubai coast includes tropical Fish, jellyfish, coral, dugong, dolphins, whales and sharks. Various types of turtles can also be found in the area including the Hawksbill turtle and Green Turtle which are listed as endangered species

Bird Watching in Dubai

Despite its small size, Dubai is blessed with a range of different habitats; mountains, off shore islands and rocky outcrops, mangrove swamps, tidal wetlands, mud flats, lagoons and desert scrub. This variety attracts a wide variety of species, seabirds, Sand grouse, Bee-eaters, flamingos, kingfishers, eagles, vultures, owls, plovers, gulls, terns, flycatchers, larks, wheatears et al.


Mushrif National Park, just a few kilometres from Dubai city, is a habitat reserve maintained by the Dubai Municipality for public recreation. It is a 600 hectare reserve of natural woodland containing mature ghaf (Prosopis cineraria) and Acacia scrub and shows clearly the impact of grazing on unenclosed areas. The density of invertebrates, butterflies being particularly conspicuous, and birds is extremely high. Amongst the latter are included such characteristic species as resident troupes of Arabian babbler (Turdoides squamiceps) and summer visiting and nesting yellow-throated sparrow (Petronia xanthocollis). Striated scops owl (Otus brucei) is a speciality Middle Eastern species with several pairs breeding The abundant nocturnal insect life forms their prey.