Fuentedetodos

Set in the stark sheep-rearing highlands of Zaragoza to the west of Belchite is the small village of Fuentedetodos, birthplace of none other than Francisco de Goya on 30 March 1746, the third of four children.  

You can visit his modest abode with its spartan furnishings. The house is a typical example of the late 18th century farmhouse. The Museum of Etchings here contains works by Francisco de Goya including some from the series of  the Disasters of War, Los Caprichos, Los Disparates, and La Tauromaquia. They record with graphic brutality the horrors of the Peninsular War which was waged between Napoleon’s empire and the allied powers of Spain, Britain and Portugal for control of the Iberian Peninsula. The truth Goya found in shadow and shade lead directly to Picasso’s black, grey and white masterpiece and the work done by photojournalists who later came to Spain. Along with Guernica, they are among the most significant anti-war works in art history.

The house was bought by the painter Ignacio Zuloaga in 1915 for 1,000 pesetas – the price of four mules. He furnished it with period pieces. It was all ransacked and destroyed by Fepublican militiamen in August 1936.

Fuentedetodos’ buildings are sturdier and feel more prosperous than other villages of the area, in part thanks to the earnings made from the 22 ice houses which sold ice to Zaragoza during the Little Ice Age. Excellent article about this in The Guardian:

Aragón region wants its ice houses preserved as Spanish cultural assets

The village also gained a relative prosperity through the unique fossil bearing “caracoleña” stone quarried here since Roman times.