Mammals of the Philippines

Mammals of the Philippines

At least 165 mammal species are found in the Philippine hotspot, and over 100 of these are endemic (61 percent), one of the highest levels of mammal endemism in any hotspot. Endemism is high at the generic level as well, with 23 of 83 genera endemic to the hotspot. Rodent diversification in the Philippines is comparable with the radiation of honeycreepers in the Hawaiian Islands and finches in the Galapagos.

The largest and most impressive of the mammals in the Philippines is the tamaraw (Bubalus mindorensis, CR), a dwarf water buffalo that lives only on Mindoro Island. A century ago the population numbered 10,000 individuals; today only a few hundred animals exist in the wild. Other mammals endemic to the Philippines include: the Visayan and Philippine warty pigs (Sus cebifrons, CR and S. philippensis, VU); the Calamianes hog-deer (Axis calamaniensis, EN) and the Visayan spotted deer (Rusa alfredi, EN), which has been reduced to a population of a few hundred on the islands of Negros, Masbate and Panay; and the golden-capped fruit bat (Acerodon jubatus, EN), which, as the world’s largest bat, has a wingspan up to 1.7 meters.

The Negros naked-backed fruit bat (Dobsonia chapmani), which was thought to be extinct in the Philippines, has recently been rediscovered, on the islands of Cebu in 2000 and Negros in 2003.

Wildlife of the Philippines – Wikipedia

There are 191 mammal species in the Philippines, of which 8 are critically endangered, 13 are endangered, 30 are vulnerable, and 1 is near-threatened. 1 of the species listed for the Philippines is considered to be extinct. Endemic species like the Tamaraw of Mindoro, Philippine Tarsier which is one of the smallest species of monkeys in the world can be found in the country. The Philippines also have three endemic species of deer namely the Philippine Deer, the Calamian Deer and the Philippine Spotted Deer. The Philippine Mouse-deer which is also endemic in the Philippines is does not belong to the deer family Cervidae, but is a member of the chevrotain family

List of mammals of the Philippines – Wikipedia

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