Lynx in Sweden
Sweden: Sweden had an estimated population of about 1400 lynx in 2006. The hunt is controlled by government agencies. Hunters who wish to hunt for lynx must register for the so-called “protective hunt,” which takes place in March. There are only a few animals to be shot in each region depending on how many lynx there are and/or how the reindeer herding is affected. Every shot animal and shooting location is controlled by the County Administration, and the carcass is sent away for analysis to National Veterinary Institute. The shooter himself may keep the skin, if a microchip or transponder is attached by the local police authority. The skull of the shot animal can be sent back to the hunter for a fee of about €70. No more than 75 animals in 20 regions were permitted to be shot in 2007, an increase from 51 in 2006 (always about 5 % of the population). In 2006 there were 41 lynx killed outside of hunting, 31 of which were killed in traffic accidents.
In the beginning of the 19th century there were lynxes all over Sweden, mostly in the middle parts and the north. During the 19th century there were extensive shooting on the lynx and in the beginning of the 20th century only a small amount of lynx remained in the northern-middle part of Sweden. In 1927 the lynx got protected, and the hunt was straight forbidden until 1943 when it was re-introduced though the lynx had started to recover from nearly being extinct.